汉英吃货词汇表

主食类(staple food):

西式:
三明治sandwich
比萨饼pizza
香肠sausage
面包bread
黄油(白塔油)butter
饼干cookies
咸菜(泡菜)pickle
饼(蛋糕)cake
汉堡hamburger
火腿ham
奶酪cheese
高筋面粉Strong flour
燕麦oat
牛排steak
淀粉starch
蛋挞egg tart

中式:
米饭rice
粥congee(porridage)
汤soup
饺子dumpling
面条noodle
茶叶蛋Tea eggs
油菜rape
馄饨皮wonton skin
小麦wheat
大麦 barley
青稞highland barley
高粱sorghum
春卷Spring rolls
芋头Taro 山药yam
黄花daylily
松花蛋 皮蛋preserved eggs
春卷 spring roll
肉馅饼minced pie
糙米Brown rice
玉米corn
馅儿stuffing
开胃菜appetizer
面粉flour
白薯&甘薯sweet potato
凉粉bean jelly
糯米 江米sticky rice
燕窝bird's nest
粟millet
肉丸子meat balls

水果类(fruits):
树莓raspberry
蓝莓blueberry
菠萝pineapple
西瓜watermelon
香蕉banana
柚子shaddock(pomelo)
橙子orange
苹果apple
柠檬lemon
樱桃cherry
桃子peach
梨 pear
枣Chinese date(去核枣pitted date)
椰子coconut
草莓strawberry
黑莓blackberry
葡萄grape
甘蔗sugar cane
李子plum
杨梅waxberry red bayberry
桂圆longan
莲雾wax-apple
番石榴 guava
木瓜pawpaw或者papaya
杏子apricot
油桃 nectarine
柿子persimmon
石榴pomegranate
榴莲jackfruit
槟榔果areca nut
西班牙产苦橙bitter orange
猕猴桃kiwi fruit or Chinese gooseberry
金橘cumquat
蟠桃flat peach
荔枝litchi
沙果crab apple
芒果mango
杨桃starfruit
枇杷loquat
柑橘tangerine
青梅greengage
山楂果haw
水蜜桃 honey peach
香瓜、甜瓜musk melon
火龙果 Pitaya
木瓜 Papaya
百香果 Passion fruit

海鲜类(sea food):
小虾shrimp
龙虾lobster
小龙虾crayfish
蟹crab
鲅鱼culter
鲳鱼butterfish
对虾、大虾prawn
(烤)鱿鱼(toast)squid
海参 sea cucumber
蟹足crab claws
鱼鳞scale
海蜇jellyfish
鳖、海龟turtle
蚬、蛤clam
虾仁Peeled Prawns
虾籽shrimp egg
扇贝scallop
鲍鱼sea-ear abalone
小贝肉cockles
牡蛎oyster
鲢鱼、银鲤鱼chub silver carp
黄花鱼yellow croaker

调料类(seasonings):
醋vinegar
香草精vanilla extract(甜点必备)
面粉flour
洋葱onion
调料fixing sauce seasoning
砂糖granulated sugar
红糖brown sugar
酱油soy
盐salt
加碘盐iodized salt
糖sugar
白糖refined sugar
辣根horseradish
葱shallot(Spring onions)
姜ginger
酱soy sauce
沙拉salad
辣椒hot(red)pepper
胡椒(black)pepper
花椒wild pepper Chinese prickly ash powder
色拉油salad oil
肉桂cinnamon (在美国十分受欢迎,很多事物都有肉桂料)
咖喱粉curry
番茄酱(汁)ketchup redeye
蒜garlic
料酒cooking wine
蚝油oyster sauce
枸杞(枇杷,欧查果 )medlar
八角aniseed
酵母粉yeast barm
黄椒Yellow pepper
黄油butter
冰糖Rock Sugar
芝麻Sesame
芝麻酱Sesame paste
芝麻油Sesame oil

肉、蔬菜类:
茴香fennel(茴香油fennel oil 药用)
鲤鱼carp
咸猪肉bacon
金针蘑needle mushroom
羔羊肉lamb
鸡肉chicken
生菜、莴苣lettuce
白菜Chinese cabbage(celery cabbage)
甘蓝、卷心菜cabbage
南瓜(倭瓜)pumpkin cushaw
甜玉米Sweet corn
牛肉beef
猪肉pork
羊肉mutton
紫菜laver
油菜cole rape
茄子eggplant
绿豆mung bean
马铃薯(土豆)potato
黄瓜cucumber
苦瓜balsam pear
秋葵okra
洋葱onion
芹菜 celery
芹菜杆celery sticks
地瓜sweet potato
蘑菇mushroom
橄榄olive
菠菜spinach
冬瓜(Chinese)wax gourd
莲藕lotus root
青椒green pepper
毛豆green soy bean
瘦肉lean meat
肥肉speck
香菜caraway
枇杷loquat
胡萝卜carrot
韭菜leek
木耳agarics
豌豆pea
四季豆、青刀豆 garden bean
银耳silvery fungi
腱子肉tendon
肘子pork joint
萝卜radish
扁豆lentil
槟榔areca
牛蒡great burdock
水萝卜summer radish
竹笋bamboo shoot
艾蒿Chinese mugwort
黄花菜day lily(day lily bud)
豆芽菜bean sprout
丝瓜towel gourd

 

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